Hearing in Palermo was on December, 18-20 2017, which was supported by 93 organisations and networks from Italy. Hearing was inspiring especially with the testimonies of both migrants and refugees as well as ‘expert’ witnesses; it brought together a broad convergence of organisations from different parts of Italy and Europe and established a very strong critique of the EU policy of ‘push-back’ and necropolitics on the Mediterranean. Specially on the bilateral agreements between countries and the externalization of borders, as well as the criminalization of solidarity.